"The goal of the course is to introduce students to general ecology. It focuses on major ecological concepts in order to provide students with a robust framework of the discipline upon which they can build. Each discussion is organized around two or four major concepts to present the student with a manageable and memorable synthesis of the lecture and it is supported by case histories that provide evidence for the concept and introduce students to the research approaches used in the various areas of ecology. Special emphasis to local environmental problems countries face and the approaches they use in solving these problems. Laboratory included May be taken as a Natural and Physical Science GER."